Effect of Music on Adherence to a Comprehensive Weight Loss Program for Overweight to Moderately Obese Women

Effect of Music on Adherence to a Comprehensive Weight Loss Program for Overweight to Moderately Obese Women

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This study investigated the role of music in augmenting participants' adherence to exercise behaviors and the requirements of a comprehensive weight loss program. Music has been shown to have physiologically rewarding and reinforcing effects and has been associated with reductions in levels of pain, distress and anxiety when employed as a therapeutic intervention in a number of settings (e.g., Sidorenko, 2000). In addition, music has been shown to augment participants' exercise behaviors in individual workout sessions (e.g., Beckett, 1990). Given these findings, it was hypothesized that music would foster more consistent exercise behaviors long-term. Also, it was argued that increased adherence to exercise would promote greater adherence to program requirements and thus result in larger changes in treatment outcome measures. Twenty-nine overweight to moderately obese women volunteered to participate in a 6-month weight loss program that included weekly cognitive behavioral group meetings designed to establish and maintain positive changes in eating and exercise behaviors. Participants were randomly assigned to either a music or no music condition. Participants in the music group were instructed to listen to music of their choice when they exercised while those in the no music group were instructed to exercise without distractors, including music, television and talking. Results largely supported the hypotheses, with significant differences in adherence to the prescribed exercise, self-report documentation and overall program requirements. The music group demonstrated significantly lower average caloric and fat calorie intake than the no music group. However, no difference in average percent fat intake was observed, indicating that the groups' proportion of calories composed of fat was not significantly different. Though no significant main effects of condition were found for weight, BMI or percent body fat, significant interaction effects of condition x time and main effects of time were found for each of these outcome measures, indicating favorable treatment outcomes for participants in both conditions, but better outcomes for participants in the music condition. In general, the findings support the use of music during exercise for its effect on adherence and outcome measures in the context of a comprehensive weight loss program.This study investigated the role of music in augmenting participantsa#39; adherence to exercise behaviors and the requirements of a comprehensive weight loss program.


Title:Effect of Music on Adherence to a Comprehensive Weight Loss Program for Overweight to Moderately Obese Women
Author: Amy L. Hradil
Publisher:ProQuest - 2006
ISBN-13:

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